Archaeological Discoveries

Dead Sea ScrollsThe Dead Sea Scrolls

"The Dead Sea Scrolls are a collection of 981 texts discovered between 1946 and 1956 at Khirbet Qumran in the West Bank. They were found inside caves about a mile inland from the northwest shore of the Dead Sea, from which they derive their name." Wikipedia

 

Sea Scrolls

The Dead Sea Scrolls


"The Dead Sea Scrolls include the oldest-known copies of every book of the Hebrew Bible except Esther, as well as extra-biblical texts ranging from prayers to commentaries to hymns. The Dead Sea Scrolls are divided into three groups:

a. Copies of texts from the Hebrew Bible which comprise roughly 40% of the identified scrolls,

b. Texts from the Second Temple Period that ultimately were not canonized in the Hebrew Bible which comprise roughly 30% of the identified scrolls and

c. Sectarian manuscripts previously unknown documents that shed light on the rules and beliefs of a particular group or groups within greater Judaism which comprise roughly 30% of the identified scrolls

The texts are written in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, and Nabataean, mostly on parchment but with some written on papyrus and bronze. The Dead Sea Scrolls are usually thought to have been produced by a group known as the Essenes. The Essenes are a group that literally abandoned Jerusalem in protest against the way the Temple was being run." For more information click here.

 

 

Qumran caves

Qumran caves

 

Holy Bible Old Testament I would like to emphasize that the copies were exactly how the Holy Bible' Old Testament were written (word for word).

 

Inscription House   DavidInscription of the House of David

"The fragmentary Tel Dan stela, containing the Tel Dan inscription (or “House of David” inscription) provided the first historical evidence of King David from the Bible. The Aramean king who erected the stela in the mid-eighth century B.C. claims to have defeated the “king of Israel” and the “king of the House of David.” For more information click here.

 

Inscription regarding House of David

Inscription regarding the “House of David”

1.[ ]א]מר.ע[ ]וגזר ]

1'. [ ]...[ ] and cut [ ]

2.[ ]אבי.יסק[.עלוה.בה]תלחמה.בא--- ]

2'. [ ] my father went up [ ] he fought at [...]

3.וישכב.אבי.יהך.אל[.אבהו]ה.ויעל.מלכי[ יש]

3'. And my father lay down; he went to his [fathers]. Now the king of I[s]/rael had penetrated

4.ראל.קדם.בארק.אבי[.ו]המלך.הדד[.]א[יתי]

4'. into my father's land before. [But then] Hadad made me king,

5.אנה.ויהך.הדד.קדמי[.ו]אפק.מן.שבע[ת---]

5'. And Hadad marched before me. So I went forth from [the] seven[...]/s

6.י.מלכי.ואקתל.מל[כן.שב]ען.אסרי.א[לפי.ר]

6'. of my rule, and I killed [seve]nty kin[gs] who had harnessed thou[sands of cha]/riots

7.כב.ואלפי.פרש.[קתלת.אית.יהו]רם.בר[אחאב.]

7'. and thousands of cavalry. [And I killed ...]ram son of [...]

8.מלך.ישראל.וקתל[ת.אית.אחז]יהו.בר[יהורם.מל]

8'. the king of Israel, and I killed [...]yahu son of [... the ki]/ng of

9.ך.ביתדוד.ואשם.[אית.קרית.הם.חרבת.ואהפך.א]

9'. the House of David. And I made [their towns into ruins and turned]

10.ית.ארק.הם.ל[ישמן ]

10'. their land into [a desolation ...]

11.אחרן.ולה[... ויהוא.מ]

11'. others and [...Then...became ki]/ng

12.לך.על.יש[ראל... ואשם.]

12'. over Is[rael...And I laid]

13.מצר.ע[ל. ]

13'. siege against [...][5]

Click here for the above reference.

 

Tel Dan Inscription

Red X points to where archaeologist' found the Tel Dan Inscription

 

"The Tel Dan Inscription, or “House of David” inscription, was discovered in 1993 at the site of Tel Dan in northern Israel in an excavation directed by Israeli archaeologist Avraham Biran. It has provided the first historical evidence of King David from the Bible.

In the Tel Dan Inscription, parts of the names of two kings are preserved namely, Jehoram, son of Ahab, king of Israel and Ahaziah, son of Jehoram, king of Judah (the House of David). With this information it is possible to assign the inscription to Hazael, king of Aram-Damascus, who undoubtedly set it up in Dan to commemorate his victory over Joram and Ahaziah at Ramoth-Gilead in 841 BC." To know more click here.

king angry"And he went with Joram the son of Ahab to the war against Hazael king of Syria in Ramothgilead; and the Syrians wounded Joram." 2 Kings 8:28 KJV

 

 

Amulet ScrollThe Amulet Scroll


"The site (where the amulets were found ) consists of a series of rock-hewn burial chambers based on natural caverns. In 1979 two tiny silver scrolls, inscribed with portions of the well-known apotropaic Priestly Blessing from the Book of Numbers and apparently once used as amulets, were found in one of the burial chambers. The delicate process of unrolling the scrolls while developing a method that would prevent them from disintegrating took three years. They contain what may be the oldest surviving texts from the Hebrew Bible, dating from around 600 BC."

 

Amulet Scrolls

The Amulet Scrolls

 

[Top line(s) broken]

10. [sna]re and more than Evil.

1. ...] YHW ...

11. For redemption is in him.

2. [...]

12. For YHWH

3. the grea[t ... who keeps]

13. is our restorer [and]

4. the covenant and

14. rock. May YHWH bles[s]

5. [G]raciousness towards those who love [him] and (alt: [hi]m;)

15. you and

6. those who keep [his commandments ...

16. [may he] keep you.

7. ...].

17. [May] YHWH make

8.the Eternal? [...].

18. [his face] shine ...

9. [the?] blessing more than any

[Bottom line(s) broken.]

Click here for the above reference.

"In 1979 two tiny silver amulets, inscribed with ancient Hebrew script, were found rolled into tiny scrolls in a burial cave in Jerusalem. They were incised with a sharp, thin stylus, no thicker than a hair’s breadth, and thus deciphering the inscription was difficult. The lower part of the inscription has been identified as a version of Numbers 6:24–26

These two silver amulets bear the oldest copies of biblical text known to us today. They contain the oldest surviving texts from the Hebrew Bible, dating from around 600 BCE.

The scrolls were found in 1979 in Chamber 25 of Cave 24 at Ketef Hinnom (i.e. the shoulder of Hinnom), during excavations conducted by a team under the supervision of Gabriel Barkay, who was then professor of archaeology at Tel Aviv University." For the reference click here.

 

discovered

X mark the spot where the Amulet Scroll was discovered

 

Priestly BlessingThe Priestly Blessing:

"The Lord bless thee, and keep thee: The Lord make his face shine upon thee, and be gracious unto thee: The Lord lift up his countenance upon thee, and give thee peace." Numbers 6:24-26 KJV

 

Galilee BoatGalilee Boat

"The Sea of Galilee Boat, also known as the Jesus Boat, was an ancient fishing boat from the 1st century CE (the time of Jesus), discovered in 1986 on the north-west shore of the Sea of Galilee in Israel. The remains of the boat, 27 feet (8.27 meters) long, 7.5 feet (2.3 meters) wide and with a maximum preserved height of 4.3 feet (1.3 meters), first appeared during a drought, when the waters of the Sea (actually a great fresh-water lake) receded."Wikipedia

 

"JESUS' Boat"

 

"This is the exciting and inspirational story of the discovery, excavation and conservation of the Ancient Galilee Boat, known as the celebrated Jesus Boat. Moshe and Yuval Lufan, brothers and fishermen from Kibbutz Ginosar, discovered the Ancient Galilee Boat buried in the mud near the shore of the Sea of Galilee. The discovery of the boat rocked the archeological and spiritual world. Never before was such an ancient vessel found so complete. Once the boat was positively dated to the First Century BCE, pilgrims from around the world flocked to view the boat on which could have been the very same vessel on which Jesus sailed the Sea of Galilee. It may have functioned as a ferry boat, but its measurtments also suit those used by ancient fishermen employing a seine, or dragnet, "cast into the sea" as described in Matthew 13:47-48." Click here for more information.

 

Baruchs BullaBaruch's Bulla

The three lines on the Baruch bulla read: “(Belonging) to Berekhyahu, the son of Neriyahu, the scribe.” The suffix -yahu was a common epithet attached to names in Judah, meaning, “blessed of Jehovah.” For more information click here.

 

Baruch ben Neriah

The bulla of Baruch ben Neriah

 

Baruch Bulla bears the following inscription:

lbrkyhw --- Belonging to Berechiah
bn nryhw --- son of Neriah
hspr --- the scribe.

"In 1975, some 250 clay impressions were found in an excavation southwest of Jerusalem. One of these impressions was identified as belonging to Baruch, son of Neriah, a scribe who recorded the prophecies of Jeremiah. Both Baruch and Jeremiah witnessed the Babylonian siege of Jerusalem. In ancient times these clay impressions were attached to documents and served as an official signature for an individual and to identify the sender." For the reference click here.

"The word that Jeremiah the prophet spake unto Baruch the son of Neriah, when he had written these words in a book at the mouth of Jeremiah, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, saying,"Jeremiah 45:1 KJV

 


Proving the Bible through Archaeology

 

Caiphas's OssuaryCaiphas's Ossuary

"Caiaphas, who’s name means "searcher" was appointed high priest (after Simon ben Camith) by the procurator Valerius Gratus, under Tiberius, 18 A.D.. He continued in office from A.D. 26 to 37, when the proconsul Vitellius deposed him. He was the president of the Jewish council (Sanhedrim) which condemned the Lord Jesus to death, Caiaphas declaring Him guilty of blasphemy. Caiaphas was the official high priest during the ministry and trial of Jesus." Click here for more information.

 

Ossuary

Caiphas' Ossuary

 

"Joseph, son of Caiaphas, commonly known simply as Caiaphas in the New Testament, was the Roman-appointed Jewish high priest of the temple in Jerusalem from 18 to 37 A.D., played a key role in the trial and execution of Jesus Christ. Caiaphas accused Jesus of blasphemy, a crime punishable by death under Jewish law.

But the Sanhedrin, or high council, of which Caiaphas was the presiding authority, did not have the authority to execute people. So Caiaphas turned to the Roman governor Pontius Pilate, who could carry out a death sentence. Caiaphas tried to convince Pilate that Jesus was a threat to Roman stability and had to die to prevent a rebellion.

The especially beautiful ossuary is twice inscribed "Joseph, son of Caiaphas" and held the bones of a 60-year-old male.
The limestone ossuary measures 37 cm high by 75 cm long and is housed in the Israel Museum, Jerusalem." For the reference click here.

 

location  Caiphas' Ossuary

Red star points to the location where Caiphas' Ossuary was discovered

 

king angryPontius Pilate's Inscription

"In the Bible, Pontius Pilate was a prefect of the Roman controlled province of Judea. Pilate tried to convince the crowd being urged by the chief priests and elders, that Jesus was innocent but the crowd still demanded the death of Jesus. Eventually before ordering the final command to sentence Jesus to death, Pilate washed his hands before the multitude, as a sign that he was innocent of the crime. Until recently, there was no contemporary evidence outside the Bible for Pilate's existence (although Tacitus, Josephus, and Philo all wrote about him). Then in 1961, Italian archaeologists excavating the theatre at Caesarea found this stone inscription of Pontius Pilate." For more information click here.

 

Pontius Pilate Inscription

Pontius Pilate' Inscription

 

The stone is significant because it is the only universally accepted archaeological find with an inscription mentioning the name "Pontius Pilatus" to date.

The partial inscription reads:
[DIS AUGUSTI]S TIBERIÉUM
[...PO]NTIUS PILATUS
[...PRAEF]ECTUS IUDA[EA]E
[...FECIT D]E[DICAVIT]

The translation from Latin to English for the inscription reads:
To the Divine Augusti [this] Tiberieum
...Pontius Pilate
...prefect of Judea
...has dedicated [this]

For more information click here.

 

theater

The theater at Caesarea where Pontius Pilate' Inscription was discovered

 

Ekrons InscriptionThe Ekron's Inscription

"The city of Ekron (also transliterated Accaron), was one of the five cities of the famed Philistine pentapolis, located in southwestern Canaan. Ekron has been dentified as modern Tel Miqne, which lies 35 kilometers west of Jerusalem, and 18 kilometers north of ancient Gath, on the eastern edge of Israel's coastal plain."Wikipedia

 

Ekron' Inscription


"The story of Ekron, portrayed in the Old Testament and in Assyrian and Babylonian sources, is rich in detail. The Philistine inscription adds some fresh insights. According to Gen. 13:2-7, the city was not conquered by the Israelites at the time of Joshua. Only when we read the text of Judges 1:18 do we find out the reason: Judah was not able to expel the Philistines from the plain, because they had chariots made of iron. Before the Tribe of Dan migrated to the region of Mount Hermon, Ekron marked the boundaries between them and the Tribes of Judah and Ephraim. Following this, Samuel, Saul and David conducted wars against the Philistines (cf. 1 Sam. 5-7). The city of Ekron passed through many hands, but in the end remained the property of the Philistines. After all this, on many occasions the Old Testament tells us: Ekron had a Philistine king. (Cf. 2 Kings 1:1-6, and Amos 1:8.)" For more information click here.

 

Ekron

Red star points to Ekron

 

Altar Mount EbalAltar at Mt. Ebal

"Mount Ebal is the highest point in northern and central Samaria. Atop the mountain archeologist discovered a stone enclosure, which upon further excavation turned out to be a large stone alter and worship complex. The design and construction of the alter clearly showed it was made by the Israelites or at the very least someone who followed their customs. The stones were uncut, not shaped by tools, and the structure used ramps rather than steps. This is in accordance with the laws put down in Exodus 2:23." For more information click here.

 

Joshuas Altar Mount Ebal

Joshua's Altar at Mt. Ebal

 

"In 1980, during an archaeological survey, Israeli archaeologist Adam Zertal discovered the site of El-Ahwat on Mt. Ebal (near Nablus/Shechem). He excavated the site for several seasons (between 1982 and 1989) and in a series of academic, semi-popular and popular articles, as well as in chapters of a popular book on his understanding of the development of early Israel, he argued that the site was an Israelite cultic site, and that it can be equated with the altar that Joshua built on Mt. Ebal, as described in the Bible (Joshua 8:30–35). He also contended that the main structure at the site should be understood as a stone-built altar whose architectural plan and design was similar to the large altar described in Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem." For more information click here.

king angry"Therefore it shall be when ye be gone over Jordan, that ye shall set up these stones, which I command you this day, in mount Ebal, and thou shalt plaister them with plaister."Deuteronomy 27:4 KJV

 

 

Ancient CityThe Ancient City of Ugarit

"Ugarit was an ancient port city at the Ras Shamra headland in northern Syria. Ugarit had close connections to the Hittite Empire, sent tribute to Egypt at times, and maintained trade and diplomatic connections with Cyprus (then called Alashiya), documented in the archives recovered from the site and corroborated by Mycenaean and Cypriot pottery found there. The polity was at its height from ca. 1450 BC until 1200 BC." Wikipedia

 

Ancient city known   Ugarit

Ancient city known as Ugarit

 

"In the late 1920s the ruins of an ancient city called Ugarit were found on the coast of Syria at a site called Ras Shamra. Among the ruins archaeologists discovered thousands of clay tablets with an unknown kind of writing on them. The writing looked like that used by the ancient Babylonians and Assyrians, a kind of writing called cuneiform, but the signs were unique, and far fewer in number. While the language that the Babylonians used-Akkadian-was written with hundreds of signs derived from the ancient Sumerian writing, the new tablets employed only 30 signs.
Ugarit was an important city in its time, but it was destroyed in the 13th century B.C.E. by invaders called the Sea Peoples. This was just before the Israelites began to settle in the land of Canaan. The people of Ugarit worshipped many gods and goddesses, among them El, Baal, Asherah, Anat and Astarte. Baal and Asherah are mentioned in the Bible as gods the Israelites should not worship." Click here for more information.

 

Ugarit

Red star points to Ugarit

 

archeological finds There are so many more archeological discoveries not covered by this website. With so many archeological finds which support the reality of the Holy Bible, why is it that there are so many people who believed that the Holy Bible is not real? The answer to this question is that satan, the prince of this world, deceived everyone who are willing to be deceived. "Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:" Ephesians 2:2 KJV. One group that belongs to satan is the new age movement. They teach that you can become gods too. Was not that what satan said to Eve? Some Christians believe that you can go to heaven by being good. Is not that what Oprah told her viewers? "Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me." John 14:6 KJV. And how about the ecumenical movement? This is what Billy Graham said, "I've found that my beliefs are essentially the same as those of orthodox Roman Catholics." – Billy Graham. Is he joking? Roman Catholics worship idols, transform their bread and wine to body and blood of JESUS Christ and they worship Mary (I was once a catholic). Catholics are like the Mormons, the Jehovah' Witnesses, Muslims, Seventh Day Adventists and so on.

 

This is one of my favorite song

 

 

"Mount Moriah’s history begins in Genesis. In the twenty-second chapter, God commands Abraham, “Take now your son, your only son, whom you love, Isaac, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains which I will tell you” (Genesis 22:2)." To know more click here.

"After their return from the Babylonian exile, the Jews turned the Hinnom Valley into the city dump where garbage and anything deemed unclean (including the bodies of executed criminals) was incinerated. For that purpose, a fire was kept constantly burning there. Even though it was no longer used for evil worship, with all the filth and thick smoke it remained a very dark and dreary place." Click here for more information.

"Jesus regularly went up onto the Mount of Olives (Luke 22:39). He often traveled over it on His way to Bethany to visit His friend Lazarus. His famous Olivet prophecy is named after it (Matthew 24:1-51). The Triumphal Entry of Jesus riding on a Donkey and her colt into Jerusalem took place over and down the Mount of Olives (Luke 19:28-44). Jesus prayed with His disciples there just before His arrest That Fateful Night (Luke 22:39-46). Jesus was arrested there, during which Peter struck the servant of the high priest with a sword and cut off his ear (Luke 22:49-51). Jesus appeared to the disciples on the Mount of Olives after His Resurrection, and He ascended into heaven from there (Acts 1:1-12)." Click here to know more.

"Kidron Valley in Easton's Bible Dictionary = Kedron = Cedron, turbid, the winter torrent which flows through the Valley of Jehoshaphat, on the eastern side of Jerusalem, between the city and the Mount of Olives. This valley is known in Scripture only by the name "the brook Kidron." David crossed this brook bare-foot and weeping, when fleeing from Absalom (2 Sam. 15:23, 30), and it was frequently crossed by our Lord in his journeyings to and fro (John 18:1)." Click here for the reference.

 

Jerusalem GODs Beloved City

Jerusalem GOD' Beloved City